Yorkville Highlands - Celebrates Fifteen
Yorkville Cellars rests in the middle of the Yorkville Highlands along Highway 128 in southern Mendocino County.
One hundred thirty years ago, the York
family settled in the rolling hills of southern Mendocino County.
They endured wet winters and sweltering hot summer days. They made
their living raising sheep and farming a small plot of land, carefully
respecting the balance of nature.
Today, Yorkville Cellars continues to uphold the wonder of this
area by farming organically and respecting this beautiful land.
In March 1998, the area was recognized for its uniqueness and given
a special designation by the BATF: as "Yorkville Highlands." All
bottles now proudly carry the Yorkville Highlands AVA designation
on the front label.
A copy of the approved appellation
in the Federal Register is at:
however a summary is below.
Submitted to BATF - 22 May, 1995
Approved by BATF - 7 April 1998 [Page 16902
of the Federal Register (Vol. 63, No. 66)]
Summary - This rule establishes an approved viticultural area
located in Mendocino County, California, to be known as "Yorkville
Highlands," and extends the southern boundary of the
Mendocino Viticultural Area to coincide with the boundary of Yorkville
Highlands. As a result Yorkville Highlands is entirely within the
Mendocino appellation area. Both areas are entirely within Mendocino
County. The Yorkville Highlands area consists of approximately 40,000
acres. The area generally runs along approximately 16 miles of Highway
128. Beginning at the Mendocino/Sonoma County line it runs northwesterly
to just before the California State Fire Station near the town of
Boonville. The area included tends to average about two miles either
side of Highway 128 but can be as little as approximately 1 mile
or as great as about 3 miles as the boundaries are straight lines
on either side of a meandering highway.
The Yorkville Highlands viticultural area lies
generally along the headwaters of Dry Creek and Rancheria Creek.
The vineyards in the Yorkville Highlands area are almost entirely
above 800 feet in elevation. The area is a continuous string of
high benches and land troughs bordered by even higher ridges with
Highway 128 running the middle.
The soils in the Yorkville Highlands viticultural
area are rocky hill soils characterized by gravel and old brittle
rock. These generally thin soils found on the high benches and
land troughs are in stark contrast to the generally very loamy
clay soils found in the valleys and bottom lands dominating the
neighboring approved viticultural areas. Soil types mapped by the
U.S. Soil Conservation Service include: Bearwallow, Hellman, Cole
Loam, Henneke, Montara, Hopland Loam, Squawrock, Witherell, Yorkville
and Boontling. Only one of two of these soil types is found in
common with a neighboring viticultural area.
Our climate is influenced by marine air well
over half the time. Heat summation data collected within the area
reflects an average of 3,060 degrees, compared to approximately
2,500 in Boonville and Philo to the northwest and 3,650 in Cloverdale.
Average annual rainfall within the area is 50.6 inches compared
to Anderson Valley, which receives an average of 40.7 inches.
Currently there are 22 vineyards with a total of 401 acres planted.
The top varietals planted include: Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Pinot
Noir, and Merlot. A total of 83% of the varietals are red wine grapes.
Website for more information: www.YorkvilleHighlands.org